a short list of tropical plants that attract native Florida butterflies
either for nectar or as a larval food plant. It is by no means exhaustive.
majority of butterfly species reside in the tropics and obviously utilize
the plants found there.
There are a
number of ways to attract butterflies. Sliced ripe fruit will attract
many species. A cut open Watermelon will attract Julias and Monarchs.
The nitrogen in urine is desired by some species (give you any ideas?).
sp. attracts Zebras, Peacocks, and Julias.
curassavica (Blood Flower) attracts Peacocks, Monarchs, and Queens.
It is also an excellent larval food for Monarchs and Queens.
davidii (Butterfly Bush) is very popular with all butterflies.
galpinii will attract Monarchs.
Caesalpinia pulcherrima (Barbados-Pride) is a small tree that
is very popular with Zebras, Julias, Peacocks, Monarchs, and Queens.
gigantea is a larval food plant for Monarchs and Queens.
haematocephala (Red Powder Puff) attracts Peacocks and Zebras. It
also seems to be popular as a perch for Swallowtails and Zebras.
surinamensis (Surinam Powder Puff) attracts Giant Swallowtails, Zebras,
Citrofortunella mitis (Calamondin) is a larval food plant
Clerodendrum bungii is very popular with Monarchs and Queens.
Clerodendrum paniculatum (Pagoda Flower) attracts Zebras, Peacocks,
Monarchs and Swallowtails.
Clerodendrum ugandense (Purple Butterfly Bush) attracts Monarchs,
Queens, and Peacocks.
Clerodendrum philippinum var. pleniflorum is a night blooming
Clerodendron that is not only popular with Monarchs and Zebras but Moths
also come to the blooms at night.
grandfolia attracts Peacocks, Julias, and Zebras.
erecta (Skyflower) in both the blue and white flowered forms. White
flowers are very popular with Julias and Peacocks. The blue flowered form
attracts Julias, Peacocks, Zebras, Sulfurs, and Swallowtails. Hamelia
patens (Firebush) and all of the other Hamelia sp. seem to be very popular
with all butterfly species.
Holmskioldia tettensis (Tahitian Hat Plant) attracts Zebras,
Sulfurs, Whites and Giant Swallowtails.
Ixora sp. attracts Monarchs.
integerrima are utilized by Zebras, Julias, and Peacocks.
podagrica (Gout Plant) attracts Zebras and
camara is very popular with zebras and Julias. The yellow flowered
species are also larval food plants for Peacocks and a nectar source for
many other species.
sp. (Orange Jasmine ect.) are larval food plants for Swallowtails.
incanna attracts Monarchs and Zebras.
strictum (Cardinal's Crest) is very popular with Zebras, Queens, Julias,
Swallowtails, Monarchs, and Eastern Blacks.
Pachystachys coccinea (Red Shrimp Plant) attracts Giant and
Palamedes Swallowtails and Monarchs.
sp. (Purple Passion Vine) entice Zebras to lay
their eggs on the foliage.
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Pentas lanceolata is very popular with all butterflies.
indica (Rangoon Creeper) is a vine that attracts
Zebras and Julias.
brittoniana is a larval food for Peacocks.
Salvia azurea is very popular with all species of butterflies.
Salvia leucantha attracts Peacocks and Monarchs.
seaforthianum (St. Vincent Lilac) attracts various species of butterflies.
Stachytarpheta urticifolia (Blue Porterweed) is very popular
with all butterflies.